Our estate is in the northern part of Tuscany's Maremma district, among the Metallipherous hills, on a high plateau 13 kilometres from the sea. In winter, we have a mild climate because we are protected from the cold north winds and, in summer, the cool sea breeze mitigates the high daytime temperatures of June, July and August.
In summer, we have extensive temperature ranges between day and
night, because the nocturnal breeze from the hills east of the estate lowers the temperature by 14/15°C compared to the daytime. On one hand, these conditions favour the development of aromatic notes while, on the other, they make it possible for the grapes to ripen in a very balanced way.
The vineyards are planted in soil which tends to be more clayey, set on a substrate of tuff. Managing clayey soil is extremely difficult because, when it is wet, it clogs together and closes, while when it is dry, it becomes hard to work with: the only solution we have is to work on those few days in which it is what we call 'in tempera',
meaning that the level of humidity is just right. The tuff substrate favours the draining of excess rain and maintains humidity in summer. Our vineyards never suffer from hydric stress in summer and are always in the best conditions to complete the ripening process. The combination of well managed clayey soil and tuff is ideal.
The overall area occupied by the estate is 110 ha, divided as follows:

Vineyards 15.5 ha / 90,000 vines;
Olive groves 8 ha / 1,300 trees;
Seed crops 60 ha;
Woodland 15 ha.
The rest of the area is occupied by roads and hedgerows.
The first constructions, which form the centre of the estate, were built in the 14th century and consisted in a church and a tower. Subsequently, in 1792, a residential building was added to the central tower. Over the centuries that followed, stables and barns were added, part of which now corresponds to the cellar, which has a capacity of 3,000 hl. The whole estate holds CE organic certification.
The grape variety that has always been traditionally present on the Estate is Sangiovese, which now represents approximately 30% of our vineyards, with three different clones, one of which is Sangiovese Grosso.
Second in importance is Vermentino Bianco, a typical variety of the Tuscan and Ligurian coastlines, as well as in Sardinia and Corsica.
The third is Alicante, a clone of Spanish Garnaca, which was brought here by the Spaniards in the middle of the 16th century, during their rule of part of the Tuscan coast. Not to be confused with Alicante Bouchet - created in France in around 1870 by Dr. Bouchet - which is completely different and gives a
product which is used in blends to add colour to the wine.
The fourth is Cabernet Sauvignon, which we use in one of our blends.
The fifth is Merlot, which is used in two of our blends.
The sixth is FIANO, originally from Southern Italy, which we use to make a white wine made only with this variety, which ferments and matures in barriques.
The seventh is Syrah which has adapted very well to our terroir, giving us lots of satisfaction, expressing its characteristics to the full. Ten years after it was first planted, we have decided to vinify it as 100% Syrah.